Biobanks are a form of biorepository which stores biological samples, which are typically human to conduct research. Biobanks are a valuable resource for medical research because they aid in the support of various kinds of research. It provides researchers access to data that represent a vast number of people.
The data and samples that are available in biobanks may be utilized by a variety of researchers for different studies. This is important as there are numerous researchers who are unable to obtain samples prior to when biobanks became available. You can also visit https://geneticistinc.com/blog/what-is-a-biobank for knowing biobank in more brief.
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While a variety of issues, including the privacy of patients, ethical medical practices, or research ethics were addressed but a consensus has been reached that biobanks operating should be aware of the policies and guidelines that safeguard the communities who participate in their activities.
In biobanks, there is an organized collection of human biological samples and related information that is stored to be used for research objectives". Biospecimen collections of other living organisms could be referred to as biobanks, most prefer to use the term for only human biospecimens.
Biobanks are classified based on their use or their design. Both words "biobanks", as well as "biorepositories", are employed interchangeably. The United States, the National Cancer Institute believes in biorepository as an area or institution where biospecimens are kept. Biobanks are classified based on various approaches, such as:
Biobanks that are based on the population
Biobanks at academic or hospital institutions
Biobanks geared towards diseases
Commercial companies or non-profit groups
Other experts categorize biobanks into four basic kinds:
Biospecimens for clinical or control from donors who are healthy and those with certain illnesses.
Biobanks that monitor their members for a long time are also called long-term population-based biobanks.